Sacramental Validity Under Sola Fide and According to the Gospel Promise

The Singular Divine Sacrament In this post I will examine what makes a sacrament "valid", under the assumptions of the Lutheran Sola Fide. Firstly, according to the Lutheran Sola Fide, there is in actual fact only one single sacrament: The preaching of the Gospel promise. This sacramental promise is effective ex opere operato in the … Continue reading Sacramental Validity Under Sola Fide and According to the Gospel Promise

Understanding Indulgences

Indulgences—speak the word and Protestants will immediately shake their heads in disapproval. Here we have a doctrine that definitively undermines the good news of God’s gift of salvation through Jesus Christ. The Anglican Articles of Religion describe indulgences as “repugnant to the Word of God.” The Westminster Confession describes them as a “cunningly devised fable, invented … Continue reading Understanding Indulgences

Objective and Subjective Salvation

I think it is helpful when approaching the Catholic/Protestant debate concerning salvation and justification, to draw a distinction between objective salvation and justification, and subjective salvation and justification. This is another application of absurdity: the seeming conflict between God's eternal perspective and our individual subjective perspectives. In this case God's perspective is the objective salvation/justification, … Continue reading Objective and Subjective Salvation

Ramblings Concerning Eschatology, Sin and Salvation

Eternal and Temporal Punishments In Catholic theology there is the idea that sin has a "double consequence": committing a sin will lead to one or both of an eternal punishment, as well as a temporal punishment. Traditionally a distinction is made between mortal and venial sin: mortal sin is sin that is serious enough to … Continue reading Ramblings Concerning Eschatology, Sin and Salvation